This Is How Our Mental Health Looks Like (even before Covid-19)
Published by Yahoo News Singapore on 2 April 2020. See published article.
I can only be heartened by recent announcements in Parliament for mental health. New initiatives include a whole-of-Government review on mental healthcare, a review on existing disparities for Medishield Life claim limits between physical and mental health conditions1, and even a pilot programme in supporting caregivers of individuals with mental illnesses.
Gaps in affordability, accessibility and quality
However, as I leafed through close to 400 responses received as part of the first-ever SG Mental Health Matters public consultation my team and I conducted on mental health in Singapore, I can’t help but feel that my efforts in the Budget debate were still insufficient in conveying the extent of the pain and suffering that the respondents have endured.
Respondent 17 shared with me how an entire family was left in agony as a father struggled with his mental health, unable to consult a psychiatrist promptly due to long waiting times.
Respondent 146 spoke about becoming exhausted from living a “double life”, attempting to appear fine to the outside world despite being constantly embroiled in internal turmoil.
I was stunned by Respondent 303’s admission that they had to stop their therapy sessions, being unable to afford fortnightly sessions priced at $17 each!
Because of institutional gaps in the affordability, accessibility and quality of our mental healthcare system, many of our fellow Singaporeans have been left to struggle on their own, feeling that they have been abandoned. It pains me to realise how many have fallen through the gaps in our world-class healthcare system, unable to access the treatment they require.
The indiscriminate nature of mental health
Mental health affects us all, in case we think it only happens to some of us.
Respondent 253 was an exemplary university graduate that placed on the Dean’s List, before suffering a severe mental breakdown during their transition to the working world.
Respondent 180 lamented about the lack of community support for their mother, a housewife in her 50s who was barred from accessing community mental health programmes as they were targeted at “seniors” older than she was.
Respondent 186 despaired having to constantly struggle with depression, overwhelmed by internalised homophobia and low self worth that they attributed to negative stereotypes against LGBT people.
In my recent Budget speech, I made the call for a paradigm shift in viewing mental health as a critical component of total well-being — that we are all on the continuum of mental health. If we are honest with ourselves, we will realise that it is part of the human experience to have struggled with our mental well-being at some point of our lives. Because who hasn’t had to face the loss of a loved one? Who hasn’t had to deal with failure, in one form or another? Who hasn’t ever had to feel down, grappling with worry, sadness, loneliness, fear or despair?
A cry for dignity
We all have “dignity needs”. Those with mental health conditions struggle to live a dignified existence because many feel belittled by the lack of understanding and community support, in a manner invisible to those without lived experiences.
Respondent 108 shared about how they didn’t realise they could seek help for their mental health issues, crippled by the stigma that “you must have something wrong if you see someone for mental health”.
Respondent 204 indicated that their parents believed that seeking treatment for mental health only applied to those seen as “crazy”, and they were afraid of informing their bosses for fear of affecting their employment prospects.
Respondent 105 feared seeking help through the public healthcare system, petrified by the exposure of their medical records will lead to them becoming “reducible” to their mental illness.
In her book ‘This is what inequality looks like’, Teo You Yenn described stigma as being the opposite of dignity. The self-directed shame and low self-worth expressed in these responses pain me. We need to do much much more to ameliorate the debilitating effects of stigma on those struggling.
Apart from actions we must take to destigmatise mental health, our language truly matters. We must avoid invalidating the struggles of those with mental health issues, portraying their suffering as self-inflicted behavioural choices. For example, it is important to understand that providing incentives for help-seeking such as the decriminalisation of suicide and allow Medisave claims for self-inflicted injuries do not encourage suicidal behaviour; rather, they allow those who are struggling to feel more comfortable in seeking treatment.
This is what true resilience looks like
Despite the less-than-adequate state support and societal stigma, I continue to be in awe of the extraordinary displays of resilience shown by those who are struggling, aided by the kindness of those willing to extend their support.
Respondent 376 credited healthcare professionals and school management in being supportive and understanding to them and their family, indicating that without their support, they “could not imagine how to move on”.
Respondent 229 had recovered from the depression caused by their mother’s passing through a “strong and unconditional support system” consisting of loved ones, and in return they chose to become a community volunteer to help others who may be struggling.
Respondent 91 expressed their hope of a day that comes soon where “no one has to feel alone in their mental health journey”, despite their own “very dark and lonely” experiences thus far.
In this trying times of COVID-19, and in the spirit of SG Together, I implore us all to remember we are responsible for our collective mental well-being. Let us begin by recognising the struggles of those with mental health conditions, while ensuring that our mental healthcare services are on par with the world-class healthcare system we are all so proud of — and be accessible by all. Because no Singaporean should be left behind.
Anthea Ong is Nominated Member of Parliament, social entrepreneur (Hush TeaBar, A Good Space, WorkWell Leaders Workgroup) and author of 50 Shades of Love. www.antheaong.com
For more information on the SG Mental Health Matters public consultation findings, or to join the national conversation on mental health, please visit the volunteer-run www.sgmentalhealthmatters.com